Not everyone went to high school in Romania, and all the schools were highly specialized to their student’s intended vocation. A student’s score on the National Test determined zir academic future. The scores were also publicized so public embarrassment was a very real risk. Admission is impacted by test scores and interviews in some cases.
Types of High Schools:
- Military – training schools for military and support staff and partly the civil services (see “Army and Securitate” for more)
- National College – The Ivy league of high schools, with various international programs and a great rate of university acceptance
- Grup Scolar – combined trade and high schools
- Technical – trade schools, teaching professions like teaching or repairs
- Liceu – kind of middle of the road, not a trade school but not as well regarded as the National Colleges either
The Baccalaureate Exam
A monster test all student took to graduate high school, testing skills in Romanian Language and Literature, a Foreign Language of the student’s choice, two connected subject tests (say History and Civics for example), and one topic of the students choosing. Not everyone passes and only a fraction of students do well enough to attend a university.
The Art Institute
The Art Institute both the Painter and Radu refer to is now referred to as the Bucharest National University of the Arts, founded in 1864 by royal decree. A conservatory of fine arts with departments in painting, sculpture, etching, printmaking, architecture, drawing, decorative arts, aesthetics, theatre, music choreography, plastic arts, and art history and perspective. It took seven years to get a degree from the Institute, and admission was dependent on quality of work, an interview, and high Baccalaureate Exam results.